Symbol: Nd

Atomic Number: 60

Atomic Weight: 144.24

Neodymium (atomic number 60, symbol Nd) is a soft and silvery rare earth metal with a bright, metallic luster. This metal is present in the ore minerals bastnasite and monazite and is not found unmixed with other lanthanides or in metallic form. It is no rarer than copper, nickel, and cobalt. Neodymium is mainly mined in China, and other mining areas are found in Australia, Sri Lanka, India, Brazil, and the United States. The annual world production of neodymium oxide stands at 7,000 tonnes, and the total reserves are estimated at about 8,000,000 tonnes.

Neodymium has different compounds, including hydroxide,...Read More